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Investigation on health effect of indoor air pollution in the tollgates
Author(s): 
Pages: 43-44
Year: Issue:  1
Journal: OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND EMERGENCY RESCUE

Keyword:  上呼吸道疾病健康监护空气污染路桥收费站调查;
Abstract: 目的探讨路桥收费站室内空气污染对收费人员健康的影响.方法对508名从事收费人员(接触组)进行健康体检,并以不接触有害因素、年龄相似的1 009名工人作为对照组.对路桥收费站工作场所空气中一氧化碳、总烃、氮氧化物及物理损害因素噪声等进行测定.结果接触组慢性咽炎检出率为50.98%,慢性扁桃体炎检出率为13.58%,慢性鼻炎检出率为3150%,均高于对照组(分别为27.35%、7.93%和8.82%),羞异有显著性(P<0.01).随着工龄增加,上述3种疾病的检出率也随之升高(P<0.01或P<0.05).路桥收费站工作场所(室内外)空气质量总污染指数为I=1.54(室内)和I=2.47(室外),属中度至重度污染级.结论收费人员上呼吸道疾病发病率增高的主要原因是路桥收费站工作场所空气被汽车尾气污染所致.
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