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The impact of saline deposit upon the hydrocarbon accumulation in petroliferous basin
Author(s): 
Pages: 299-308
Year: Issue:  2
Journal: OIL & GAS GEOLOGY

Keyword:  含油气盆地膏盐岩油气成藏;
Abstract: 多数盆地的膏盐岩为蒸发成因,部分地区则为深部热卤水作用的产物.研究表明:膏盐岩的形成环境(主要是陆相湖盆蒸发环境)有利于有机质的保存,为油气生成提供物质保障.深部热卤水作用致使深部热流体上侵,将提高烃源岩的油气转化效率以及为无机油气藏的形成提供了条件.膏盐岩能使其下部地层保持较高的孔隙度并且形成次生孔裂隙(但也可堵塞下部地层原生孔隙),同时本身也可成为油气的运移通道或储集空间,是其下部异常高压系统得以形成的重要条件,有利于油气藏的保存.膏盐层可以单独封盖油气,也可与断层联合封堵,具有很好的封盖能力.膏盐层对其上、下地层的区域构造样式产生影响,也限定了油气运移的途径和聚集层位.
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