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Dufrenne's Pure Perception Intentionality and Phenomenological Restoration
Author(s): 
Pages: 35-40
Year: Issue:  5
Journal: ORIENTAL FORUM

Keyword:  审美对象纯粹知觉现象学还原;
Abstract: 杜夫海纳认为审美对象是纯粹知觉对象.从现象学的角度看,这是经现象学还原而达到的具有主客关系本源性的意识结构,本文称之为"纯粹知觉意向性".在现象学还原问题上,杜夫海纳受到了胡塞尔、海德格尔、梅洛-庞蒂的多重影响,而又有自己独到的发挥和创见,这主要表现为,他把还原看作是由纯粹知性意识(胡塞尔)、经知觉意识(梅洛-庞蒂)到纯粹知觉意识的回溯,即回到知觉主体与世界的根源处.这种回溯表现在意识活动方面,就是走向感性,并外化为对象,杜夫海纳称其为"异化";而表现在意向对象方面则是,在悬置外部世界的同时,审美对象从非现实转化为现实的"现象",即在呈现中被给予和被还原的感性的对象,杜夫海纳称其为"中立化".
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