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Study on Methods for Suppressing the Influences of Ship Magnetism on Precision of Marine Magnetic Data
Author(s): 
Pages: 1-5
Year: Issue:  3
Journal: HYDROGRAPHIC SURVEYING AND CHARTING

Keyword:  海洋地磁测量船磁效应完备船磁模型测线平差船磁方位测量;
Abstract: 船磁效应一直是影响海洋地磁测量精度的一个重要因素.传统船磁模型只取磁方位角为变量,改正后测线数据存在系统差和船磁影响的起伏变化,给不断累积的地磁数据拼接带来困难.磁正西北和北东方向的测线网受船的感应磁性变化的影响最小,东西向测线之间船磁影响差异最小,而磁南北向测线之间正好相反,据此可从测线布设方案着手减弱船磁效应影响.完备的船磁模型可以兼顾考虑测线航向、地磁总场、磁倾角和拖缆长度的变化,通过不同拖缆长度的主、副测线网交点差平差或三点各两种不同拖缆长度的方位测量,实现地磁异常分离和完备船磁效应的改正.实例说明固定船磁,甚至负的垂直分量,会使船磁效应随纬度出现可观变化,需要完备船磁模型的解算和改正才能解决这个问题.
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