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yin shi wei sheng fang huo luan
Pages: 23
Year: Issue:  1
Journal: Pictorial of Physical Education and Health

Abstract: <正> 霍乱是由霍乱弧菌引起的烈性肠道传染病,发病急,传播快,属国际检疫传染病。霍乱的传染源是患者和带菌者,它主要是通过水、食物、苍蝇及人的日常生活接触面造成传播。患病者多是在病发一周内到过流行疫区,和霍乱患者接触过,或饮用了被污染的水、吃过被污染的食物。病人先是频繁剧烈腹泻,后有反复呕吐,大便呈黄水样,渐转为米泔水样,或血水样便。很快便出现口渴、脱水的现象,严重的出现肌肉痉挛、循环衰竭、代谢性酸中毒和急性肾功能衰竭等,如不及时治疗,可危及生命。霍乱与其他急性肠道传染病的主要区别是患
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