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yi qi shan qu xue xiao shui yuan xing xi jun xing li ji bao fa xian chang liu xing bing xue diao cha
Author(s): 
Pages: 1255-1257
Year: Issue:  10
Journal: Occupation and Health

Keyword:  SchoolDysenteryWater-borneSurvey;
Abstract: 目的对一起水源性痢疾暴发进行流行病学调查,以查明疫情的暴发原因和来源,为采取相应的控制措施提供依据。方法建立病例定义,随机选择对照,开展病例对照研究和全人群对照研究,比较其饮水及饮食方面的差异。开展卫生学调查,明确疫情发生原因。结果共搜索病例85例,喝生水为该次疫情发生的危险因素(OR=2.93,95%CI=1.39~6.20)。2所学校共用同一水源,雨天河水被粪便污染,进入备用储水池,发病高峰前3天有降雨。结论 2所学校为共同的同一水源被宋内细菌污染致细菌性痢疾暴发,通过加强消毒与健康教育等措施可控制疫情。
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