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EPIDEMIOLOGY OF OCCUPATIONAL LUNG CANCER
Author(s): 
Pages: 164-167
Year: Issue:  3
Journal: OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND EMERGENCY RESCUE

Keyword:  职业肺癌流行病学;
Abstract: 职业性肺癌占职业性肿瘤的大部分,确证对人类致癌的63种化学物质中,与职业有关的大约有35种,其中与肺癌有关的25种.该文从流行病学角度阐述了职业性肺癌的发病特征,影响致肺癌的因素、职业性肺癌的研究方法及调查中应重视的问题及常见的职业性肺癌.职业性肺癌的特征:①有病因明确的职业接触史;②该病的发病率与职业接触物的量呈剂量反应关系;③职业性肺癌可产生癌前期病变;④职业性肺癌的潜伏期不等,发病年龄通常较一般肺癌早10~15年,且日趋严重;⑤职业性肺癌以鳞状上皮癌和小细胞癌较多.
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