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Investigation on employees’ health knowledge, occupational health knowledge and demands in an industry
Pages: 9-12
Year: Issue:  1
Journal: Occupational Health and Emergency Rescue

Keyword:  occupational healthchronic diseasesawareness ratehealth demandadministratorsemployees;
Abstract: Objective The employees’ health knowledge,occupational health knowledge and demands in an industry were investigated to provide the baseline for implementing health promotion at workplaces. Methods Using cluster sampling method,totally 441 employees were investigated and the health knowledge, occupational health knowledge,behaviors and relative demands,etc were asked with questionnaires. Results The awareness rates of health concept and smoking affecting health were at87.5% and 94.1% respectively,while the awareness rate of HIV/AIDS transmission routes was the lowest,at 44.4%. The awareness rates of adult normal blood pressure,chronic diseases prevention measures and AIDS transmission routes varied statistically among different persons with various positions or with different education levels(P < 0.05 or P < 0.01). The awareness rates of Law of the People’s Republic of China on Prevention and Control of Occupational Diseases,the prevention of occupational diseases,and the ways of exposure to chemicals among different persons with various positions were of statistically significant difference(P < 0.05 or P < 0.01). The persons with higher education level had the higher awareness rate of the prevention of occupational diseases,normal blood pressure,chronic diseases prevention measures,evidence of high blood pressure,and AIDS transmission routes(P < 0.01),but the lower awareness rate of the People’s Republic of China on Prevention and Control of Occupational Diseases(P < 0.01). The total smoking rate was 35.7%,and male’s smoking rate was higher than that of females,and the difference was statistically significant(P < 0.01). The employees’ demands on knowledge of balanced diet,prevention and treatment of infectious diseases,physical exercise,chronic diseases prevention and occupational health knowledge were high. Conclusion There is no necessary relations between the awareness rates of occupational health knowledge and positions or education levels. To improve the employees’ health, the publicity and education on health should be strengthened. Among all the staff especially the administrators,the publicity and education on occupational health knowledge should be strengthened.
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