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zhang zhou che gu
Author(s): 
Pages: 91-93+101
Year: Issue:  3
Journal: Fujian-Taiwan Cultural Research

Keyword:  迓鼓讶鼓柳营方相氏舞蹈表演刘克庄《朱子语类》台湾宜兰祭神落地扫;
Abstract: <正>车鼓原系"傩讶鼓"或"傩迓鼓",始于祭神驱鬼、除疫消灾的傩祭仪礼中的一种戴着面具的舞蹈表演,内容为方相氏击鼓驱逐魑魅、魍魉、女魃为主题,故事远溯黄帝斗杀蚩尤。六朝以军傩迓鼓形态,由中原军队传入漳州九龙江畔的柳营军事据点。唐陈政父子入闽靖边,又转播泉州、潮州。如宋莆仙刘克庄《灯夕·讶鼓》:"讶鼓流传自柳营,着装线彩斗鲜明……",箫遥天《潮州戏剧志》:"讶鼓流至闽南,演化而为《游八闽》,仅扮狞恶鬼蛮八人。"宋《朱子语类》记载朱熹刺漳节日所见:"如舞迓鼓,其间男
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