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Optimization of Grazing Angles in Submarine Pipeline Inspection Using Side-scan Sonar
Author(s): 
Pages: 15-19
Year: Issue:  6
Journal: Hydrographic Surveying and Charting

Keyword:  side-scan sonarquality of acoustic imagesubmarine pipeline inspectionheight of suspended pipelinegrazing angleoptimization;
Abstract: 针对利用侧扫声纳检测海底管道时因其检测声影图像模糊而导致管道悬空高度检测误差过大的问题,提出了侧扫声纳声波掠射角优化设计的思路及方法.阐述了利用侧扫声纳对海底管道进行检测的工作原理,并利用海底管道和海底底质反向散射强度的计算公式探讨了声波在海底的反向散射强度、侧扫声纳声影图像的质量以及声波掠射角的取值这三者之间的关系对海底管道悬空高度h计算精度的影响,从理论上确定声波掠射角最佳取值范围的存在.通过工程实例的现场检测与比对试验,获得了在本试验所处海域环境中利用侧扫声纳检测海底管道时声波掠射角的最佳取值范围,对于类似的海底管道检测工程具有一定的指导意义.
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