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Role of Prevention and Health Department of hospital in preventing and responding to public health emergencies
Author(s): 
Pages: 146-147,155
Year: Issue:  2
Journal: Occupational Health and Emergency Rescue

Keyword:  防保科突发公共卫生事件公众心理健康行为焦虑自评量表抑郁自评量表;
Abstract: [目的]探讨防保科在预防和应对突发公共卫生事件中对公众正确行为的影响.[方法]防保科以实施有效监控、早期预警、健康宣教等措施作为干预手段;干预前,在龙岗区所辖社区、企事业单位内随机选取1000名市民进行问卷调查,并在干预6个月后对市民进行回访.比较干预前后调查对象对突发公共卫生事件相关知识的了解程度、健康行为的变化和心理状态等.[结果]实施干预后,市民对相关健康知识的掌握率和健康行为养成的良好率分别为59.20%和45.30%,高于实施前的52.70%和32.60%,差异均有统计学意义(P<0.01);和干预前比较,焦虑自评量表和抑郁自评量表评分均明显下降,差异均有统计学意义(P<0.01);市民对政府执行力的满意度为90.30%,高于干预前的82.40%,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).[结论]防保科可以对突发性公共卫生事件进行有效监测和控制,并通过健康教育,引导公众采取正确的措施应对突发事件的发生.
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