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Data analysis of occupational health examination of mining workers in Yingde City in 2016
Author(s): 
Pages: 431-433
Year: Issue:  5
Journal: Occupational Health and Emergency Rescue

Keyword:  矿山噪声粉尘职业健康监护听阈尘肺病肺功能体检;
Abstract: [目的]通过对矿山工人的健康状况分析,为矿山企业的职业健康监护管理提供参考.[方法]以2016年1—12月参加体检的25间矿山229名工人作为矿山组(接触粉尘229人,接触噪声102人),并以某钽铌石加工厂同时接触粉尘和噪声工人86人作为对照,对两组人群健康监护资料进行统计分析.[结果]矿山组与对照组均有矽尘、石灰石粉尘和其他粉尘,矿山组粉尘作业岗位粉尘浓度超标率为20.69%;对照组为4.35%,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01);两组接触噪声岗位检测点噪声声级超标率差异无统计学意义(P>0.05).矿山组体检异常检出率为72.05%,对照组为48.84%,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).矿山组语频听阈升高检出率19.61%;对照组检出率2.33%,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).矿山组高频听阈升高检出率60.78%;对照组高频听阈升高检出率26.74%,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).矿山组接触粉尘者中疑似尘肺病2人,对照组没有发现疑似尘肺病患者.矿山组尿常规检出率高于对照组(P<0.05),而心电图、肺功能、X射线、血常规、血压、ALT检出率与对照组差异均无统计学意义(P>0.05).[结论]矿山工人体检异常检出率较高,应尽量采取有效的防尘和隔声措施,加强对矿山工人的职业健康监护.
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