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Occupation hazards and critical control points in a production of fired brick with coal gangue and shale
Author(s): 
Pages: 366-368
Year: Issue:  4
Journal: Occupational Health and Emergency Rescue

Keyword:  职业病危害煤矸石页岩关键控制点;
Abstract: [目的]分析某新型建筑材料煤矸石页岩烧结砖项目在生产过程中存在的职业病危害因素及其危害程度,确定职业病危害的关键控制点.[方法]采用职业卫生学现场调查、职业卫生现场检测、职业健康检查和实验室分析等方法等进行分析、评价.[结果]该项目主要存在的职业病危害因素为矽尘(10%≤游离SiO2质量分数≤50%)、噪声和高温.职业病危害因素检测结果表明,矽尘总粉尘浓度合格率为28.57%,噪声声级合格率为21.43%.职业健康检查发现18名接触噪声作业劳动者听力异常,15名接尘作业劳动者肺功能异常.[结论]该项目属于职业病危害较重的项目,板式给料、双轴搅拌挤出、切坯、砖坯成型、自动码坯(一线、二线)、成型中控为噪声关键控制点;多斗挖掘和给料为粉尘关键控制点.该项目需加强和重视关键控制点的防治措施,结合防护设施尽可能地减少职业病危害.
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