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Characteristics of 83 cases with suspected occupational noise deafness
Author(s): 
Pages: 334-335
Year: Issue:  4
Journal: Occupational Health and Emergency Rescue

Keyword:  职业性噪声聋纯音听力测试客观听力检查伪聋夸大性耳聋;
Abstract: [目的]通过回顾疑似噪声聋病例的诊断过程,分析未诊断为职业性噪声聋的原因,为噪声的职业健康体检及职业性噪声聋诊断提供参考.[方法]采用听力检查、职业卫生学及流行病学调查等方法,对2015年3月《职业性噪声聋的诊断》实施以来收治的83例疑似噪声聋患者进行诊断.[结果]83例疑似职业性噪声聋者中,诊断为职业性噪声聋47例(占56.6%),其中重度噪声聋2例,中度4例,轻度41例.36例(占43.3%)诊断为无职业性噪声聋.未诊断为职业性噪声聋的原因,主要有纯音听力测试结果不符合诊断标准、伪聋或夸大性聋、接触噪声时间不足3年、药物中毒性耳聋等.[结论]在职业性噪声聋的诊断中,诊断医师应不断提高自己的业务水平,懂得识别伪聋或夸大性聋,注重结合客观听力检查结果综合分析,同时也要重视职业卫生现场调查.
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