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Investigation on prevalence of thyroid nodule among workers in an automobile manufacturing enterprise
Author(s): 
Pages: 30-32+36
Year: Issue:  1
Journal: Occupational Health and Emergency Rescue

Keyword:  甲状腺结节超声检查职业危害汽车制造业;
Abstract: [目的]了解某汽车制造企业一线工人甲状腺结节检出情况。[方法]对2017年4—6月某汽车制造企业一线工人进行甲状腺B超检查,对甲状腺结节的分布状况以及与年龄、性别及职业病危害因素的关系进行分析。[结果]4 469例体检者中,甲状腺结节检出率为23.38%,结节以多发性、单侧、小结节及实性结节为主;男性和女性检出率分别为23.40%和22.41%,两者差异无统计学意义(P>0.05)。男性甲状腺结节检出率随年龄的增长而下降(P<0.05),男女工人总体检出率亦随年龄而降低(P<0.05)。接触不同理化性质职业病危害因素的工人甲状腺结节检出率差异无统计学意义(P>0.05)。[结论]甲状腺结节是多发疾病,检出率受年龄等因素影响。可利用甲状腺超声检查对其实行早发现、早诊断、早治疗。
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