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Effect of moxibustion on Nrf2/HO-1 signaling pathway in rats with diminished ovarian reserve
Author(s): 
Pages: 53-58
Year: Issue:  1
Journal: Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion

Keyword:  diminished ovarian reserve(DOR)moxibustionoxidative stressNrf2/HO-1 signaling pathway;
Abstract: Objective To observe the effect of moxibustion on Nrf2/HO-1 signaling pathway in rats with diminished ovarian reserve(DOR), and to explore the protective mechanism of moxibustion on ovarian reserve function. Methods Forty SD rats were randomly divided into a blank group, a model group, a moxibustion group and a hormone group, 10 rats in each group. The rats in the model group, moxibustion group and hormone group were treated with intragastric administration of tripterysium glycosides turbid liquid to prepare DOR model. The rats in the blank group were treated with intragastric administration of sodium chloride solution with the same volume, once a day for 14 days. The rats in the hormone group were treated with hormone sequential therapy for 14 days from the day of modeling; the rats in the moxibustion group were treated with moxibustion at bilateral "Shenshu"(BL 23) or "Guanyuan"(CV 4) and "Zhongwan"(CV 12) from the day of modeling, and the two groups acupoints were alternated every other day, 10 min each time, for 14 consecutive days. The estrus cycle was observed every day by vaginal exfoliated cell smear, and the estrus cycle disorder rate in each group was calculated. After the intervention, the HE staining was used to observe the histological morphology of ovaries; ELISA was used to detect the contents of follicle stimulating hormone(FSH), luteinizing hormone(LH), estradiol(E2), anti Mullerian hormone(AMH), superoxide dismutase(SOD) and malondialdehyde(MDA); the protein levels of Nrf2 and HO-1 in ovarian tissue were detected by immunohistochemistry; real-time PCR(TaqMan probe method) was used to detect the expression of Nrf2 and HO-1 mRNA. Results Compared with the blank group, the rate of estrus cycle disorder in the model group was increased(P<0.01); compared with the model group, the rate of estrus cycle disorder in the moxibustion group and hormone group was decreased(P<0.01). Compared with the blank group, the serum contents of FSH, LH and MDA in the model group were increased(P<0.01), and the serum contents of E2, AMH and SOD were decreased(P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the serum contents of FSH, LH and MDA in the moxibustion group and hormone group were decreased(P<0.01, P<0.05), and the serum contents of E2, AMH and SOD were increased(P<0.01). Compared with the blank group, the protein and mRNA expression of Nrf2 and HO-1 in the model group were decreased(P<0.01); compared with the model group, the protein and mRNA expressions of Nrf2 and HO-1 in the moxibustion group and hormone group were increased(P<0.01). Conclusion Moxibustion could reduce the rate of estrus cycle disorder, improve the level of serum sex hormones and antioxidant stress in DOR rats, and the mechanism may be related to the regulation of Nrf2/HO-1 signaling pathway.
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